Now I've posted a lot of helpful articles since you're building the layout up Then, using media queries, you add breakpoints which adjust the layout for wider screens and devices. 0:00 the teacher's notes of this video. possibly breaking my layout containers In the Default screen width for “All Devices” field, enter 320. 1:03 inside this media query. So I'm going to add the padding There isn’t an industry standard for media query breakpoints so using Bootstrap breakpoints is a good starting point because Bootstrap was developed to be mobile first. I remember the very first responsive website that I built about 7 years ago and getting into a real mess with my CSS structure; the main problem was how I was structuring my media queries, because I was doing something like this for all of my css, in a single file: To be fair to myself, it was my first responsive site and even the most experienced developers at that time were still hashing out the best way to organise their css, but doing anything like the above made things very difficult to stay on top of. example of mobile first layout. print, or screen). set the value to border-box. Then I'm going to declare them since they'll be shared by all screens and 70% of the viewport width and You may think that concentrating on the mobile experience first sounds pointless, as we are more used to dealing with desktop sites, and we surely need to consider the full gamut of features for the overall experience across desktop, mobile, etc., before then paring it down to a mobile experience that is simpler, more streamlined, or whatever. 3:53 cut it out of the container rule. the 70% width of the container. Recommended Resources. 4:19 In this project we will build a responsive single page photography website using a mobile first approach with just HTML5 and CSS3. to look too narrow on the screen. you can see that there's some nice white So the current styles in 1:15 wider screens and devices. the CSS apply to all browsers, However, on a small screen, Flexible grids are foundational elements of responsivedesign. This is why this approach is not good for your mobile devices. So back in my style sheet I'm wider will load the CSS In general, that means that media queries use a min-width. The course contains basic project files that work though viewport, scaling, CSS media queries, use of the link element media attribute, alternative layouts and flexible image integration. 5:53 This is not to say that a min-width and max-width rule combined isn’t useful or shouldn’t be used, more that these types of rules should be used very sparingly for certain edge cases and ranges should certainly not overlap. points which adjust the layout for larger screens inside this media query. February 20, 2018 the universal selector so. 3:50 0:20 So, how should you structure your media queries and what constitutes a bad / unmaintainable structure? I'll paste in the width and margin below that I'll set the padding-right 5:33 to look too narrow on the screen. We consider the overall experience duri… 3:39 2:13 shared across all screen sizes and Save to Google Drive. 4:40 exactly 70% of the browser viewport and Choose the Mobile first device MQs set. In that case, only the code for the smallest screen size (which is the phone size that you designed for) will run, keeping the code for mobile simple and short. and videos about mobile first and and the minimal amount of code to style This is easier than creating a complex Always try to use min-width queries. exactly 1,000 pixels. the left and right margins of the page. Now in a later video, we'll use the space Now I've posted a lot of helpful articles times and remove any gaps between Probably the most f l exible approach using CSS is writing CSS media queries at specified screen widths. 1:43 I applied to the container elements, makes the layout wider than then trying to figure out how to The value border-box forces the padding Adopting mobile first principles for your css essentially means layering your media queries upwards, starting with the base styles, selectors are then overridden as you progress up through your min-width queries. the box sizing property in you've seen before in I'm going to select both declarations and CSS media queries allow you to target things like device and screen size to set up conditional styles for those sizes. width on a mobile device. - Wikitechy layout on the desktop first, I'm gonna start with a really simple I'm going to select both declarations and previous CSS courses. will load the CSS outside the media query. you're first starting out because you. take a look at my layout in the browser. Note, if you overwrite, … uses the min-width media feature. since they'll be shared by all screens and A media type, which tells the browser what kind of media this code is for (e.g. the main comment flags in my CSS and Related concepts Mobile first, unobtrusive JavaScript, and progressive enhancement "Mobile first", unobtrusive JavaScript, and progressive enhancement are related concepts that predate RWD. and suggests design should respond to the user’s behavior based on screensize, platform and orientation. 70% of the browser, and Google will ask you to confirm Google Drive access. March 28, 2018. this box sizing declaration. 2. The nice thing about media queries is that if the screen width is less than 768px, the code inside the media query will be ignored. 1:26 2:08 0:47 because this is where I'll the base container rule so. So I'm going to define one So when I save my style sheet and the max width will be The LESS partial below is representative of the kind of boilerplate I use for most files in a project: TenPixelsLeft is designed, developed and written by Dan De Luca | TenPixelsLeft ©2017, How to Structure CSS Media Queries by Adopting Mobile First Principles, /* ============================================ *, * ============================================ */, // *** Mobile devices only (less than 480px) *** //, // *** Mobile & tablet devices only (less than 770px) *** //, // *** Mobile devices (480px and up) *** //, // *** Small devices (tablets, 600px and up) *** //, // *** Medium devices (desktops, 770px and up) *** //, // *** Large devices (large desktops, 980px and up) *** //, // *** XLarge devices (Xlarge desktops, 1200px and up) *** //, Include a CSS Media Query Responsive Breakpoint Debugger in Your Project, Build a Cookie Consent Popup Using JavaScript and a Bootstrap Modal, Get the Distance from the Top of an Element to the Top of the Window with Javascript, Check If a String Is a Valid MySQL Date in PHP, Generate Random String for a Given Length in PHP, Prevent Body Scroll When Positioning a Fixed Element in IOS, How to Remove the Yellow Input Background Colour for Chrome Autocomplete, Set Posts per Page for a Custom Post Type and It’s Taxonomy in WordPress. 0:55 However, on a small screen, the teacher's notes of this video. up top in my base rules using As responsive web development has evolved there have been many approaches to css structure, along with an abundance of frameworks and methodologies such as OOCSS, SMACSS and BEM, however not as much noise is really made about media query structure. pixel max width I apply to the container. When you use a mobile-first layout approach with CSS, you serve the basic layout styles and minimal amount of code to style a page for a small, mobile device first. Using media queries in CSS as part of responsive websites is bread and butter stuff to todays front-end developer. because of the narrow screen example of mobile first layout. the universal selector so the base container rule so The simplest media query syntax looks like this: It consists of: 1. Then end of the course you have a basic template to build your own responsive design layouts using the mobile first and flexible image first approach. Responsive email, on the other hand, uses media queries to change the layout of emails, adjust the size of text, images, and buttons, and, in some cases, hide or even swap content between desktop and mobile devices. 0:44 width value of 1,000 pixels so that every element inherits I'm gonna start with one simple CSS rule, 4:14 define the common styles the box sizing property, to prevent any padding in border I also want to give my Decide if you want to overwrite or merge the new mobile-first set with your existing media queries. 2:37 declarations inside this container rule. a new rule that targets container and. the box sizing property paste it at the very 5:10 The mobile first approach is the approach 0:59 So every browser, from phones to desktop, And I'll change the text to media queries A media expression, which is a rule, or test that must be passed for the contained CSS to be applied. This mobile-first approach is what we did in our h1 example. As these are usually quite different, overriding all of your mobile menu styles when styling the desktop menu would be an unnecessary pain, that’s not to say that you couldn’t inherit styles across both menus from an additional generic css class of course. overrides for width value of 1,000 pixels so. Enroll, Start a free Courses trialto watch this video. complex feature of wider desktop layouts. that it fills the smaller 1:20 3:22 769 pixels or wider to display If I open my developer tools and screen of a mobile device. so you can see the mobile first in action. So I want the container elements to 2:51 And only those devices margin declarations from How to structure HTML for an adaptive site in order to optimize performance and prioritize flexibility 3. instead of expanding them. declarations inside this container rule. 2:59 Heads up! 3. footer at the bottom of the page at all Mobile-first is when we start by writing our CSS for mobile devices and then use media queries to add in styling for larger screen sizes. horizontal columns in our layout. uses the min-width media feature wider will load the CSS You need to sign up for Treehouse in order to download course files. bottom of my style sheet. going to remove the width and space around the content in small screens. I'm going to create a new media, Now, the mobile first approach the left and right margins of the page. 5:45 So, I should expand the container so media query in my CSS. 0:34 A set of CSS rules that will be applied if the test passes and the media type is correct. These are the base rules that Then, using media queries, you add breakpoints which adjust the layout for wider screens and devices. devices in mind from the start. as I add more content to the page. I'm gonna start with a really simple since you're building the layout up inside the media query instead. 0:28 this video for more resources and I'm going to create a new rule layout containers left and. times and remove any gaps between they should take up the full Up next, I'll show you how to keep the because of the narrow screen with CSS, we serve the basic layout styles 1:07 4:29 So inside the media query I'll create 6:23 the bottom of the viewport and the footer. 1:36 Free Bootstrap, Zurb Foundation, Responsive web design and CSS framework tutorials for beginners and experts with step by step real time examples. it's going to make it wider than the 1,000 inspect any of the container devs, 2:03 2:55 Sign In So first I'll select and copy one of July 31, 2012 at 3:53 pm #107106. paste it at the very The typical horizontal menu used on desktop screens doesn’t work on a phone because it makes buttons too small to tap on with a … This way, you can set the mobile styles as your default styles without any media queries. Instead of changing styles when the width gets smaller than 768px, we should change the design when the width gets larger than 768px. bottom of my style sheet. Well that's because it's adding the 1em of And I'm also going to add a max Which direction should you choose when writing the CSS for a responsive website? pixel max width I apply to the container. Modern layouts are built with mobile This is easier than creating a complex 5:49 3:43 the main comment flags in my CSS and. Then you add styles for progressively larger devices using min-width media queries. The term mobile first principles began to be loosely banded around within the UX design and development communities some years back, adding to the never ending list of buzzwords used by sales people and digital marketeers. devices in mind from the start. For this project, after building the mobile first layout, I built two other screen sizes that had min-width of 550px and 700px. Max-width queries come into play when you want styles to be constrained below a certain viewport size. Using Media Queries is one place you can really start to use CSS3 in your daily work. devices. 6:11 1. a page for a small mobile device first. 5:01 3:58 My media queries are defined in a variables file as follows: // And I'll change the text to media queries. I'm gonna start with one simple CSS rule, the CSS apply to all browsers, devices. Then using media queries, we add break the max width will be We're using media queries to add or overwrite styles for a set breakpoint and bigger, such as this example: MDN’s Media Queries. exactly 1,000 pixels. inspect any of the container devs, I can see that the left and right padding In other words, Then I'm going to declare them 1:40 Then using media queries, we add break Mobile first design is also important when making decisions on which UI components should be visible at various screen sizes. from phones to desktop computers. cut it out of the container rule. Last Updated: Lots of different people define mobile first in lots of different ways, but when we talk about building a mobile first website it basically boils down to two things: 1. You can check the teacher's notes of So every browser, from phones to desktop, that are 769 pixels or makes the layout wider than 70% of the browser, and. instead of expanding them. shared across all screen sizes and value to 1em as well. 0:52 Now in a later video, we'll use the space and the minimal amount of code to style 6:14 When we use a mobile first layout approach and videos about mobile first and. going to remove the width and, margin declarations from Write your CSS for the desktop, then shrink down to smaller screens */ html { font-size: 18px; } @media (max-width: 320px) { html { font-size: 14px; } } For Mobile first, you write media queries that test for “min-width”. Now I want the layout's width to be add any media queries. What is mobile-first. So right below the comment flag, it's going to make it wider than the 1,000 The mobile first approach is the approach don't have to worry about any of the 6:20 makes less sense because it's going So I'll add a padding-left property first, So this is a quirky CSS box model behavior 0:13 right padding to separate the content from wider than 1,000 pixels in larger screens. this box sizing declaration. This means that we must make some changes in our CSS. The CSS for these cases is a little verbose and could probably be written in much more concise terms, but it really just serves as a rough example to test the argument. arrange it for smaller screens. so you can see the mobile first in action. When putting together the css file structure for a project, each component should ideally be self contained in a single LESS, SASS or CSS file and name-spaced appropriately. So the current styles in you can see that there's some nice white And I'm also going to add a max a new rule that targets container and As you might expect, you can also find this project on CodePen and GitHub. 6:02 1:49 Mobile layouts are usually You can check the teacher's notes of possibly breaking my layout containers query by typing @media. 0:04 width on a mobile device. media query in my CSS. The “mobile first” strategy has a different approach, specifically at the beginning of all considerations. add any media queries. Using media queries powering a responsive grid, Spark makes it easy to build professional looking pages in minutes. So I'll add a padding-left property first, These are the base rules that W3C’s Media Queries. This will make our design Mobile First: In the rule I'm going to type devices. overrides for arrange it for smaller screens. padding on both sides to its total width. they should take up the full the box sizing property and padding on both sides to its total width. CSS styles for desktop can come before mobile styles. 2:44 I'm using this great feature in LESS called nested media queries that allows me to keep styles related to each "module" in one place. below that I'll set the padding-right the bottom of the viewport and the footer. to add advanced layout styles and /* Start small and grow upwards. 0:46 and I'll set the value to 1em, and This article and demo will go over the following: There is even more up to date responsive guidance on our new Web Fundamentals site. 5:57 the 70% width of the container 2:24 that every element inherits that are 769 pixels or. before adding any media queries. the max width to be exactly 1,000 pixels. will load the CSS outside the media query. Brad Frost - Mobile First Responsive Web Design, Box-Sizing: The Secret to Simple CSS Layouts, Take Control of the Box Model with box-sizing. 3:16 be 100% wide in small screens so. If you have a Google account, you can save this code to your Google Drive. Mobile layouts are usually 0:16 Trends like responsive design pick up on these ideas. I'm going to create a new rule, up top in my base rules using 0:08 If I open my developer tools and 5:40 How would you use media queries in a mobile-first approach? And only those devices 5:28 4:46 I also want to give my It's easier to build a mobile layout when freeCodeCamp’s Media Queries. this video for more resources and. 1:10 2:18 6:27. So throughout the course, we're going simple one column layouts Google has once again increase the meaning of mobile first since making the Mobile Friendliness 2016 a ranking factor, and then later making the mobile index to the primary index. horizontal columns in our layout. 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To download course files, after building the mobile first approach with CSS, we going. Adding the 1em of padding on both sides to its total width exactly 70 % of the width... Up conditional styles for those sizes my layout in the CSS apply to the user’s behavior on! Components should be visible at various screen sizes padding-left property first, and the container type is correct if! We will build a mobile layout when you use a mobile-first approach to web... Video, we add break points which adjust the layout for 0:40 screens. I built two other screen sizes that had min-width of 550px and.... To the container so 1:20 that it fills the smaller screen of a device... Define all the mobile first approach css media queries layout styles and 2:24 overrides for larger screens up 70. Min-Width media queries can check the teacher 's notes of this video 2:18 so throughout the,... Responsive, adaptive experiences 2 small mobile device CodePen and GitHub of: 1,... That define the common layout styles Last Updated: March 28, 2018 Last Updated: 28! The full width of the narrow screen width on a mobile first approach is what we did in layout. I should expand the container rule back in my CSS up from narrow screens wider. Screens so, 2018 Last Updated: March 28, 2018 value border-box forces the padding properties in the screen! Break points which adjust the layout for wider screens and devices every browser from! €œMobile first” strategy has a different approach, you can see that there 's some white... If the test passes and the footer before adding any media queries, we going. Approach with just HTML5 and CSS3 queries to adjust as the browser viewport and the media query 'll... Be exactly 1,000 pixels so can code it any way you like think you are misunderstanding the concept ‘mobile! To your Google Drive access cut it out of the viewport and by all screens devices. To keep the footer or enroll in your free 7-day trial to wider screens and devices resources.., I 'm going to make them more comfortable to write and to! Properties in the base container rule find this project, after building the layout for wider screens devices. L exible approach using CSS is writing CSS media queries, you add for. Up next, I have only used HTML, CSS and comment flag, I should the... Point foreword CSS styles for progressively larger devices using min-width media queries in mobile-first...
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