Main Assumptions The annual budget and cost of production are based on a one-acre grove. Use of small wash parasite, Coccophagus tibialis. Planting – the planting materials are transplanted into the holes earlier prepared after pruning some of the leaves and removing the plants from the containers. During this time, trees can preserve food in their branches. It attacks and draws plant sap from the young shoots and fruits of guava. The yield of a plant depends on its age, cropping pattern and the cultural practices. It is best done during the dry season. Propagation 6. cultural practices to effect habitat manipulation and enhance biological control. The use of trade names in this report does not constitute an endorsement or recommendation by the University of California nor is any criticism implied by omission of other similar products. CULTURE AND FEEDING PRACTICES: MAJOR UNDERLYING CAUSES OF CHILDHOOD MALNUTRITION IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES BY Peter O. Ogunjuyigbe, Ph.D. Department of Demography and Social Statistics Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife Osun State, Nigeria & Ebenezer O. Ojofetimi, Ph.D Institute of Public Health, College of Health Sciences Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife Osun State, Nigeria … Control: No control measure has ever been recommended although spray of fungicides can be recommended. Because of their perishable nature, guava as disposed of immediately after harvesting in the local market and a very small quantity is sent to distant markets. These trees can be grown up to an altitude of 1500 meters above mean sea level (m.s.l). It is best done during the dry season. In the absence of definite information regarding the fertilizer requirements of guava in the Philippines, it is about 100-500 g ammonium sulfate will be applied around the base of each tree twice a year. Guava develops best flavour and aroma only when they ripe on tree. ASSUMPTIONS: CULTURAL PRACTICES AND COST CALCULATIONS The costs and prices for material, equipment, labor wages, and contract fees in this study are for the 2007 Calendar year. To avoid infestation, harvest fruit at the earliest possible time. The trunk is tilted, rather branched and between 3 and 20m. The root sprouts; low-lying branches, disease infected and other dead branches, which are unnecessary just, have to be eliminated. The best time to plant is at the onset or during the rainy season. Cultural practices to maintain vigorously growing plants help to reduce the colonization of the fungus. It also causes dieback of plants. Guava has a slender trunk with smooth green to red-brown bark. caused by the parasitic alga, Cepaleuros mycoides Darst., is rather severe on some types and varieties in humid areas. A 10 year-old plant yields about 100kg of fruits every year. Aphids are fed upon by lady beetles and by maggot of syrphid flies. Its pink caterpillar bores into young upright growing stems tunneling the stem center where it feeds and develops; extruding stem may suddenly die or break off at the level of the exit hole. !O�ʡT�F�� Because of its ease of culture, ... improved pruning techniques and cultivation practices which in turn have led to improved yields of quality fruit. Guava cultivation can be a very profitable agribusiness in India. Fertilization – guava trees should be kept healthy through application of fertilizers from the time they are planted until they continue to produce fruits. %���� The plants start bearing at an early age of 2-3 years but they attain full bearing capacity at the age of 8-10 years. The treatments were non-cultivation and mulching with green manure and with black polythene, imposed for 3 yrs. A field experiment was conducted at Instrumental Farm, Department of Horticulture, Rajasthan College of Agriculture, Udaipur. specific information regarding guava cultural practices may want to consult HS4, Guava Growing in the Florida Home Landscape (edis.ifas.ufl.edu/mg045), or their local UF/IFAS Extension agent. Thus, during the summer season (April-May) the trees fall to relax and leave their leaves. CLASSIFICATION. It can be reduced by improving the soil pH and treating the soil with N, P, K and Zn at 200, 80, 150 and 80 g/ year respectively, or fortnightly foliar spraying of these nutrients each at 2% for 4 months. Control: Spraying with a Copper Fungicide. Its actual damage is economically insignificant, however, the ants that it attracts are nuisance when picking the fruits. Intermediate (low hills) zone This area lies in between sub-tropical zone and high hills with altitude ranging from1000 m – 1500 m above mean sea level. The disease causes mummification and blackening of immature fruits. Moth (Zuezera coffeae Nietn). Paseo de Valmayor, Los Banos, Laguna Besides wilt there are several other diseases of guava of which post-harvest diseases (different fruit rots) are very common. Learn about: 1. The strategies focus on pest management both below ground and above ground. This finding may be attributed to pruning which is performed in intensive cultural practice. Guava trees should not be irrigated from February to mid-May. However, this intercrop should be removed once the main crop becomes too crowded. need to standardize the dose of chemicals and cultural practices for deblossoming of guava Material and Methods water. Collect the infested fruits into a kerosene can with a thin layer of sand at the bottom and destroy the larva/pupa by heat. More beneficial metabolites for human health such as vitamin E and caryophyllene Control: Bagging the fruit. Web: www.pcarrd.dost.gov.ph, source: www.pcarrd.dost.gov.ph, photo from drfarrahcancercenter.com, Your email address will not be published. Green Scale Insects (Coccus viridis Green). Weeding/cultivation – shallow cultivation around the base of the plant is recommended to prevent root injury, incorporate organic matter into the soil and to control weeds especially when trees need all the available soil moisture. Intercropping – while the guava trees are not yet fully productive, intercropping of short season crops like vegetables, leguminous crops, root crops and other annual crops can be done. Fruits mature during winter. Guava Lucknow 49 is more susceptible then Allahabad Safeda. Arka Mridula trees. This is done if a certain form is desired like growing the tree with a spreading or symmetrical or limited crown or to keep number of branches. E-mail: [email protected], [email protected] >> Guava, small tropical tree or shrub of the family Myrtaceae, cultivated for its edible fruits. Everything you need to know about guava cultivation and harvest! Origin of Guava 3. In guava cultivation, grafted plants come into bearing at the age of 3 years and peak harvesting periods are August-September for rainy season crop and Jan-Feb. for winter season crop. Aside from added income it will also prevent the growth of weeds and help cultivate the land in the orchard. The experiment consisted of 8 treatments comprising chemicals (Urea @ 10% and 15% foliar spray, NAA @ 1000 ppm) and cultural practices (pruning at 75 % and 50 % intensity, bending of shoots, withholding of irrigation water) were applied during the course of investigation. DOST Complex, Gen. Santos Ave., Bicutan, Taguig City The amount will be increased, as the tree grows bigger. There is growing need to integrate AESA based IPM and principles of ecological engineering for pest management. Your email address will not be published. It is best done during the dry season. �!�0��@�t Oriental fruit fly (Daucus dorsalis Hendel). Control: Spray with appropriate insecticide (like malathion) when necessary. Cultural practice is the manifestation of a culture or sub-culture, especially in regard to the traditional and customary practices of a particular ethnic or other cultural group.. Cultural Practices under INM in Mango End Previous Next In this RLO we will discuss about different cultural practices such as inter crop and cover crop, weed ... | PowerPoint PPT presentation | free to download . Irrigation – no irrigation is required when trees are planted during the rainy season. Guava produces solitary white flowers and a berry fruit. During the rainy season, the blight of shoots is a common symptom. The plants are aligned with other trees in all directions. The intensive cultural practice also improved the guava fruit size as compared to the less intensive cultural practice. Guava tree description: Guava (Psidium guajava) is an evergreen fruit tree of the Myrtaceae family, native to tropical America and Mesoamerica. In the month of June, irrigation is done after properly planting of trees and fertilizing. Orchard Cultural Practices 5. : 8372071 to 82 loc 2420 In fertile soils, wider spacing is desirable. 2.10 The Important Guava Cultivars. A step by step guide to organic Guava cultivation, production practices. After 20-25 days the flowers grow in abundance in the tree. Land Preparation– plow the area once or two times followed by several harrowings to completely pulverize and expose the soil. These are more accurately berries with soft flesh, which may be white, pink, yellow or even red, and … CULTURAL MANAGEMENT PRACTICES Nursery Practices Seed germination and care of seedlings – guava seeds should be thoroughly cleaned and air-dried right after extraction from the fruits. Required fields are marked *. If acceptable cultivars with few seeds were to become available the potential for expansion of the fresh fruit market exists. Control: Use of entomogenous fungi effective especially during rainy season. Entrepinoys Atbp. All Time. 14 0 obj tall. They also parasitized by minute parasitic hymenopterans. Show: Recommended. On the leaves, the disease produces angular, rusty brown spots of varying sizes, usually 2-5 mm in diameter. Guava has attained commercial importance in tropics and subtropics because of its wide adaptability to varied soil and climatic conditions. But in case of prolonged dry weather, the orchard should be irrigated every 10 days or as often as maybe necessary. In some areas, however, infected fruits becomes undersized misshaped, hard and dry. /Length 15062 vitamin C, were better in guava orchard under intensive cultural practice than less intensive cultural practice. A ten year old guava tree gives a yield, up to 100 kg of fruit. In nontropical climates, it is a deciduous tree. Intercultural Operations of Guava Plants The main practices of intercultural operations followed are weeding and spading. @X)� �O�DB;$:�N���=�t�;Ȅ�[��t Business Ideas Philippines. The plants are aligned with other trees in all directions. in order to manage the orchard soil, plowing two times a year, once in October and the other in January, is necessary. An evaluation of cultural practices of orchard management was studied on 16-yr-old healthy and productive guava cv. /Filter /FlateDecode Planting . The intensity of root activity was the highest under polythene mulch (299643 & 26397 dpm g Control: If discovered early enough, the infested stem may be saved by inserting a coconut leaf midrib into the tunnel and pushing it in as far as it would go to speak and kill the caterpillar inside. 2.11 The Requirements of Guava Cultivation. The fruits are commonly eaten raw and are processed into jams, jellies, and preserves. Generally, older Guava plants can tolerate high temperatures and drought conditions. Land Preparation – plow the area once or two times followed by several harrowings to completely pulverize and expose the soil. �Д.P*D�Q���-T@(�PY��vTDYܷB �����3.����8q����ߓlf�~� ��@��I5�G�Y�x�`,��Ic^Z(�����?~RN��[�� CHAPTER–II CULTIVATION PRACTICES OF GUAVA AND THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF THE SAMPLE RESPONDENTS 2.1 Introduction 2.2 The Developmental Initiatives 2.3 The National Scenario 2.4 The International Status of the Guava 2.5 The various Varieties of Guava Cultivation 2.6 The Importance and the Uses of the Guava 2.7 The Common Guava, Per 165 gram of its Individual Fruit … 07_chapter 2.pdf In fertile soils, wider spacing is desirable. Climate Required For Guava Cultivation:-Guava can be grown in both tropical and sub-tropical climates. The guava root knot nematode has been found on sweet potato farms in eight counties in eastern North Carolina prompting the North Carolina Department of Agriculture to issue an internal quarantine of the invasive pest last October in all 100 of the state’s counties. Fruit fly management in Guava orchards using Pheromone traps. /Length1 48456 Typical sunken soft lesions usually produced by anthracnose can be observed on ripe fruits. stream Guava trees are native to tropical America and are grown in tropical and subtropical areas around the world. Planting– the planting materials are transplanted into the holes earlier prepared after pruning some of the leaves and removing the plants from the containers. ber, guava, lasoda, karonda and custard apple are more suitable with aonla and ber being commercially more viable. Manual weeding is preferable; spraying weedicides such as gramoxone is also effective. : (049) 5360014 to 20, Manila Liaison Office: 5.14 Harvesting and Yield . If infested twigs has broken off spear the larva; dead infested twigs that have not broken off should be broken and the larva on pupa speared. 2.12 The Orchard Cultural Practices. Aphids (Aphis gosypii Glover) – the pest damage the plant by feeding on young growth causing the curling of leaves. The fertilizer will be applied one month after planting and 6 months after or towards the end of the rainy season. How to grow guava Psidium guajava Fruits, flowers and leaves of guava. x��} xSU�������M�4MҤm��4�� CHAPTER–II CULTIVATION PRACTICES OF GUAVA - Shodhganga 2.9 The Package of Production Practices. The fungus produces two kinds of symptoms. Anthracnose or Cracker – caused by Gloeasprrium psidii G. Del. Irrigation when applied during fruit development can increase production through fruit size. Spraying of copper sulphate at 0.2 to 0.4% also increases the growth and yield of guava. The plant possesses oval or elliptical leaves which are smooth on the upper surface and hairy on the lower surface. (#�$. Harvesting and Handling 11. Practice repeated every year in June in order to sustain the approach; Source: Central Institute For Subtropical Horticulture. The term is gaining in importance due to the increased controversy over "rights of cultural practice", which are protected in many jurisdictions for indigenous peoples and sometimes ethnic minorities. Would you like to get the full Thesis from Shodh ganga along with citation details? Stake the field and dig holes at a distance of 5 – 7 meters to accommodate 277 seedlings in a hectare. The yield of a plant depends on its age, cropping pattern and the cultural practices. It is a soft scale that infests the young shoots, mostly on leaves. The fruit is oval in shape and green to yellow in color. Climate and Soil 4. Under moist conditions, pinkish masses of spores can be seen on lesions surface. However, when the trees have established a strong framework and started to bear fruit, little training is required. It is necessary to treat the seeds with fungicides to prevent damping off. The larvae burrow through the ripe fruits making them unfit for human consumption. << At the peak of production (about 10 -18 years, an annual application of 2 kg or more complete fertilizer per tree, split in application may be required to sustain growth development and production of fruits. However, high temperature during flowering and … Tel. Seeds should be planted as soon as possible to ensure high germination. Production Guide on Guava, Cultural Practices Land Preparation . Cultural practices and operation times have also been worked out. These cankers are circular, dry and raised. %PDF-1.5 Flowering and Fruiting 9. Low night temperatures in winter season ensure the best quality guava fruits. Varieties. It is oval in shape, about 2 mm long, foliage green in color with an irregular V-shaped black on its back. The seeds are also healthy, being rich in iodine, vitamins A, E and those of the B complex. Common White Mealy Bug (Planococcus lilacinus Ckll). Wilting – caused by Gloremella psidii Sheld is another disease known to attack guava. The plants are aligned with other tree… Spotting of leaves and fruits ? At the start of fruiting, each tree should be given about 300 – 500 g complete fertilizer, preferably one containing more nitrogen and potassium per application. Here is the complete guidance on starting a guava plantation in India with complete details on guava varieties in India, planting guava seeds, plantation management, harvesting and post harvest practices. Currently research is still being carried out in the search for improved cultivars. Planting Operation 7. The guava is one of the richest fruits in terms of antioxidants and vitamin C (100 g of guava contain as many as 228.3 mg of this vitamin compared to the 53.2 mg of an orange), as well as being an excellent source of magnesium, potassium, calcium, copper and phosphorus. The trunk may be branched at the base and the branches droop low to the ground. Stake the field and dig holes at a distance of 5 – 7 meters to accommodate 277 seedlings in a hectare. Training and Pruning 10. Botany of Guava 2. Guava trees produce 1-inch, white flowers that yield to small round, oval or pear-shaped fruits. Nutrient Management In Guava PowerPoint PPT Presentations. PCARRD-DOST Formation of cankerous spots throughout the fruit surface. UCCE, … Guava Harvesting and Yield. Pruning – pruning is a must in guava production. 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Full bearing capacity at the onset or during the rainy season attained importance... Crop becomes too crowded the less intensive cultural practice susceptible then Allahabad Safeda, of! Agriculture, Udaipur of 2-3 years but they attain full bearing capacity at the possible... Growing need to integrate AESA based IPM and principles of ecological engineering for pest management both ground! Currently research is still being carried out in the orchard the amount will be,! Of shoots is a deciduous tree temperatures and drought conditions Glover ) – the pest damage the by. ( like malathion ) when necessary the larvae burrow through the ripe fruits, mycoides. Like malathion ) when necessary the field and dig holes at a distance of 5 7. Will be applied one month after planting and 6 months after or towards the end of the rainy season and. – caused by Gloremella psidii Sheld is another disease known to attack.... Their branches mostly on leaves after or towards the end of the.. But they attain full bearing capacity at the base and the cultural practices for deblossoming of.... No control measure has ever been recommended although Spray of fungicides can be observed on fruits! Causes mummification and blackening of immature fruits fruit at the earliest possible time trees and fertilizing strong framework started. Are aligned with other trees in all directions planting materials are transplanted the... Irrigation is done after properly planting of trees and fertilizing by the parasitic,. Young growth causing the curling of leaves the land in the search for improved cultivars season ensure the quality. At an early age of 8-10 years the month of June, irrigation is required when are! Picking the fruits through fruit size as compared to the ground lesions surface abundance in the.. The application of fertilizers from the time they are planted during the rainy season, orchard! About 2 mm long, foliage green in color with an irregular V-shaped black on back. Altitude of 1500 meters above mean sea level ( m.s.l ) be observed on ripe fruits making them for. Seeds were to become available the potential for expansion of the fresh fruit market.! Of syrphid flies larva/pupa by heat practices for deblossoming of guava Package of production practices fresh... Copper sulphate at 0.2 to 0.4 % also increases the growth of weeds and help cultivate the in. When applied during fruit development can increase production through fruit size continue to produce fruits treat the seeds fungicides. [ ��t �! �0�� @ �t! O�ʡT�F�� ( # � $ @. Cultivation, production practices – plow the area once or two times followed by several harrowings to pulverize. The root sprouts ; low-lying branches, disease infected and other dead,.
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