They are petiolate and can reach a size of up to 45 x 20 cm. F.) K. Schum, Piper capense (Lin. The seeds of the peculiar calabash nutmeg used to be sold as a cheap replacement of nutmeg, because the taste is very similar. The seeds of M. myristica, chewed up are applied to the forehead for headache and for migraine in Gabon and ground up for headaches, rhino-pharygitis, or loss of voice, to apply on sores, or eaten as an antiemetic aperative and tonic in Congo. Different tribes in Nigeria has different names for Ehu seeds. They are petiolate and can reach a size of up to 45 x 20 cm. It has a clear trunk and branches horizontally. The tree is native to the Moluccas, or Spice Islands, of Indonesia and is principally cultivated there and in the West Indies. Nutmeg is a tropical evergreen tree that reaches about 65 feet tall. The leaves are 45 cm in size, but especially the extraordinary flowers give the plant ornamental value. [3][5], The calabash nutmeg tree grows naturally in evergreen forests from Liberia to Nigeria and Cameroon, Ghana, Angola and also Uganda and west Kenya. In medicine, the bark is used in treatments of stomach-aches, febrile pains, eye diseases and haemorrhoids. [5], The flower appears at the base of new shoots and is singular, pendant, large and fragrant. Leaves obovate- or oblong-elliptical, very shortly pointed or abruptly cuspidate, rounded obtuse or slightly cordate at the base, at length firmly membranous or subcoriaceous, 1/2–1 ft. (or sometimes nearly 2 ft.) long, 1–8 in. Dunal NL and their Antioxidant Capacity in a Cosmetic Cream. Usually harvested from the wild, the seeds are often sold in local markets in W. Africa [ 332 The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa. [2] The delivery time of this species can therefore be quite long. of plants, such as flowers, leaves, roots, bark, seeds, and parts of seeds (Fellows, 1997). Monodora myristica, commonly called African nutmeg is cultivated mainly in the southern parts of Nigeria. The seeds are economically and medicinally important and the kernel obtained from the seed is a pop- ular condiment used as a spicing agent in both African … The major compounds found in the essential oil from the seeds are α-phellandrene, α-pinene, myrcene, limonene and pinene. In 1897, Monodora myristica was introduced to Bogor Botanical Gardens, Indonesia, where the trees flower on a regular basis but no fruit could yet be collected. Tropical plants / The antioxidative effect of Monodora myristica seed acetone extract and its effect on chemical functional groups were investigated in sickled erythrocytes as well as molecular modeling of the antisickling potentials of its secondary metabolites. [3] Monodora myristica is a perennial plant that belongs to the family of Annonaceae and its seeds are an aromatic spice that acts as a local nutmeg substitute. [5], The fruit is a berry of 20 cm diameter and is smooth, green and spherical and becomes woody. Calabash Nutmeg (Monodora myristica). The seeds contain 5-9% of a colourless essential oil. Soak the seeds for 48 hours in lukewarm water, then sow them in sowing mix. The species is in the same genus as mace and is used as an alternative being a little cheaper than its highly sought after cousin. [5], Monodora myristica timber is hard but easy to work with and is used for carpentry, house fittings and joinery. extracts of seeds of Monodora myristica were determined by mixing (0 to 1.0 ml) of seed extract with equal volume of water according to the modified method of Singleton et al. [5] Due to the slave trade in the 18th century, the tree was introduced to the Caribbean islands where it was established and become known as Jamaican nutmeg. It has a clear trunk and branches horizontally. Keep the soil constantly moist, cover with plastic foil or glass and let the seeds germinate at 25-30 degC. The green round fruits are 20 cm in size and hang from stems up to 60 cm long. Calabash nutmeg (Monodora myristica Dunal) are dried seeds from a tropical forest tree found native in West Africa but also now grown in other parts of the planet. [6] . Also, 18 planting pots, which were subdivided into six groups, were used for the experiments. The flower’s stigmas become receptive before its stamens mature and shed their pollen (protogynous). The pedicel bears a leaf-like bract and can reach 20 cm in length. along with discussion & documentation of Indian Flora. Journal of Essential Oil Bearing Plants: Vol. Language: EnglishDeutschEspañolFrançais Monodora myristica special feature Female flowers are larger, borne in racemes in leaf axils. F) and Monodora myristica (Gaertn.) It is attached to a long stalk which is up to 60 cm long. The seed contains 5 – 9% of a colourless essential oil (Joseph, 2007). Capsules are spherical, up to 3.2 cm across, hairless, with one spherical seed, pale brown with laciniate aril. (1999). The seeds are very rare, only occasionally available, and have a short viability. The flower’s sepals are red-spotted, crisped and 2.5 cm long. Other names of calabash nutmeg include Jamaican nutmeg, African nutmeg, ehuru, ariwo, awerewa,[4] ehiri, airama, African orchid nutmeg, muscadier de Calabash and lubushi. The nutmeg fruit is similar in appearance to an apricot. The seeds are used in Africa as a substitute for nutmeg, hence the name calabash nutmeg. The fruits are edible but very dry, and the seeds make attractive necklaces when strung together. Essential Oils from Seeds of Aframomum citratum (C. Pereira) K. Schum, Aframomum daniellii (Hook. Nowadays the seeds are primarily used as a seasoning in the African kitchen. This is now less common outside its region of production. The tree is particularly valued for its aromatic seed, which is used as a condiment, medicinally, and also to make rosaries and necklaces. [3] The fruits are collected from wild trees and the seeds are dried and sold whole or ground to be used in stews, soups, cakes and desserts. The leaves are alternately arranged and drooping with the leaf blade being elliptical, oblong or broadest towards the apex and tapering to the stalk. Monodora myristica – Calabash or Orchid Nutmeg – Buy seeds at rarepalmseeds.com Seeds for sale starting at € 8.70. Monodora myristica was introduced to the Caribbean in the 18th century and is known there as Jamaican nutmeg. The odour and taste of the Monodora myristica seed is similar to nutmeg and it is used as a popular spice in the West African cuisine. Monodora myristica seed extracts ameliorate crude oil contaminated diet-induced cardiotoxicity in rats G. T. Esiekpe1, B. O. George1, O. C. Orororo2, A. M. myristica (Gaertn.) In former times, its seeds were widely sold as an inexpensive nutmeg substitute. [3][5] For medicinal purposes they are used as stimulants, stomachic, for headaches, sores and also as insect repellent. Related Links. This is now less common outside its region of production. The corolla is formed of six petals of which the three outer reach a length of 10 cm and show curled margins and red, green and yellow spots. Dunal Show All Show Tabs calabash nutmeg Keep the soil constantly moist, cover with plastic foil or glass and let the seeds germinate at 25-30 degC. Efloraofindia (earlier Indiantreepix) is the largest Google e-group in the world in this field & largest nature related in India devoted to creating awareness, helping in identification etc. The flowers are spotted red and yellow, hang from long stems and resemble the flowers of an orchid. We'll activate the review as soon as possible. It is introduced to Jamaica, other parts of the Caribbean … Dunal.) Monodora myristica (Gaertn.) Softball sized fruit with edible seeds that have a nutmeg-like flavor. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Calabash nutmeg (Monodora myristica (Gaertn.) The flower is pollinated by insects. A total of 180 viable seeds were selected from these seeds and used for the experiments. It is native to Angola, Benin, Cameroon, the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Nigeria, the Republic of the Congo, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo and Uganda. A medium-sized or large tree from tropical Africa known for its aromatic seeds that can be used as a substitute for nutmeg and are an ingredient for stews in Nigerian cuisine. Monodora myristica, the calabash nutmeg, is a tropical tree of the family Annonaceae or custard apple family of flowering plants. Kanara Nutmeg is endemic to the Western Ghats. The fruits are collected from wild trees and the seeds are dried and sold whole or ground to be used in stews, soups, cakes and deserts. [5], The Monodora myristica tree can reach a height of 35 m and 2 m in diameter at breast height (DBH). Sowing description: M. myristica (Gaertn.) Thank you for your review! The seeds from which this tree were grown came from mature trees growing at Waimea Arboretum and Botanical Garden in 1997, so whatever the pollinator is that allowed mine to … Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Review must be approved by an administrator before being posted. Monodora myristica calabash nutmeg Legal Status. Monodora junodii is a rather shrubby small tree up to 7 m tall, with smooth grey bark. A. Akpede1, G. E. Okevwe1, E. Onotugoma1, J. Oguntola1 1Department of Biochemistry, Delta State University, Abraka, Nigeria, 2Department of Myristica fragrans Family: Myristicaceae Nutmeg Origin: Moluccas or Spice Islands of Indonesia. Dunal. CCV Shop software webshop. Powered by Wetland Status. Nutmeg, (Myristica fragrans), tropical evergreen tree (family Myristicaceae) and the spice made of its seed. This tree grows naturally in West Africa but also known to be cultivated in other parts of the world where the dried seeds are used as a cheap alternative to nutmeg. is a tropical tree of the family Annonaceae or custard apple family of flowering plants.In former times, its seeds were widely sold as an inexpensive nutmeg substitute. There are no products in your shopping cart yet. The peculiar flowers are spotted red and yellow, and resemble the flowers of an orchid. Ehu seeds is the spice behind the aromatic flavour and taste of some local delicacies like nkwobi, abacha, isi ewu , bangs soup, etc. The seeds are very rare, only occasionally available, and have a short viability. Iwun seeds whose botanical name is Monodora Myristica is a tropical plant of West African origin. The calabash nutmeg is a tropical tree from western Africa, and grows up to a height of 35 meters. Dunal. Inside the fruit the numerous oblongoid, pale brown, 1.5 cm long seeds are surrounded by a whitish fragrant pulp. Flowers evolve into large, woody syncarp fruit that is filled with aromatic pulp. The Plants Database includes the following 1 species of Monodora . Monodora myristica seeds were extracted from pods and air dried under room condition. This species originates in Africa and is very rare. [5], The essential oil that can be obtained from the leaves contains β-caryophyllene, α-humulene and α-pinene. The delivery time of this species can therefore be quite long. [7], World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, "Pollen morphology within the Monodora clade, a diverse group of five African Annonaceae genera", Recipe for West African 'Fish Rub' incorporating Calabash Nutmeg, Recipe for Nigerian 'Isi Ewu' (Goat Stew) incorporating Ehuru, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Monodora_myristica&oldid=981590762, Flora of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Plants used in traditional African medicine, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 October 2020, at 08:12. The result of this project work would be useful in the production of alkyd resins from locally available materials as well as create awareness in the economic potentials of the seeds of Monodora myristica which is currently used as a cooking spice in various Nigerian societies. The seeds are also made into necklaces. Sowing description: Soak the seeds for 48 hours in lukewarm water, then sow them in sowing mix. Root is chewed to relieve toothaches. Ehu seeds whose botanical name is Monodora Myristica is a tropical plant of West African origin. 2, … Description: The fruits are collected from wild trees and the seeds are dried and sold whole or ground to be used in stews, soups, cakes and desserts. Many reports are available on the use of these plants Monodora myristica (Ehuru) and Tetrapleura tetraptera (Oshorisho) as spices and in home remedies for the treatment of human illnesses broad, on the flowering shoots usually comparatively small. The leaves are alternately arranged and drooping with the leaf blade being elliptical, oblong or broadest towards the apex and tapering to the stalk. The temperature needs to be above 15 degC year round , and the plant needs to be sprayed with water regularly. (2019). [3] The fruits are collected from wild trees and the seeds are dried and sold whole or ground to be used in stews, soups, cakes and desserts. 1.5SCOPE OF THE STUDY The species can be grown indoors, but a heated greenhouse would be ideal. The Monodora myristica tree can reach a height of 35 m and 2 m in diameter at breast height (DBH). Which is popularly known as ehu is the spice behind the aromatic flavour and taste of some local delicacies like nkwobi, abacha, isi ewu , banga soup,afia efere,afia oto, etc. 2.5 ml Folin-Ciocalteau’s reagent and 2 ml of 7.5% sodium carbonate were subsequently added, and the absorbance was measured at 765 nm after incubating We do not store any personal information. Monodora myristica, which is popularly known as ehu seeds by the Ibos, is a tropical spice that originated from the West African continent such as Nigeria, Kenya, Ghana, Uganda, Liberia, Cameroon, Angola and Tanzania before being introduced to the … Seeds of M. myristica (Gaertn.) Its pollen is shed as permanent tetrads. commonly known as Calabash nutmeg is a tropical tree of the family Annonaceae. This website uses cookies to measure the number of visitors. Monodora myristica. [5], The odour and taste of the Monodora myristica seed is similar to nutmeg and it is used as a popular spice in the West African cuisine. Ehuru (botanical: Monodora Myristica) is the dried seeds of a tropical tree of the same genius with the mace nutmeg. 22, No. Due to its large and orchid-like flowers, the tree is also grown as an ornamental. The large, pungent seeds embedded within are used like nutmeg to flavor food, or are roasted, ground, and applied to heal wounds or to the forehead to relief headaches. Interpreting Wetland Status. The odour and taste of the Monodora myristica seed is similar to nutmeg and it is used as a popular spice in the West African cuisine. When fully mature it splits in two, exposing a crimson-colored edible pulp surrounding a single seed, the nutmeg. However, evidence of the antiemetic activity has … 5.4 Monodora myristica. Species Profile Geography and distribution Monodora myristica is native to tropical West Africa and further east to Uganda, Kenya and Tanzania. commonly known as Calabash nutmeg is a tropical tree of the family Annonaceae. The three inner petals are almost triangular and form a white-yellowish cone which on the outside is red-spotted and green on the inside. The odour and taste of the Monodora myristica seed is similar to nutmeg and it is used as a popular spice in the West African cuisine. For documenting flora of India that is being discussed on efloraofindia google e-group along with supplementing the working of the group. 25-30 degC products in your shopping cart yet Piper capense ( Lin are. 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